Preventive dentistry is the best way to keep and maintain healthy teeth. Practicing good oral hygiene helps in the prevention of gum disease, problems with dentin and cavities. One of the best ways of prevention is daily brushing, preferable with a soft toothbrush; flossing and using mouthwash with fluoride. Prevention at home combined with periodic dental visits that include cleanings, periodic exams, x-rays and fluoride treatment will ensure that any issues are addressed in a timely manner, your dentist and her staff will help you with this part of the prevention program by instructing you and offering appropriate treatment when needed. Overall, good prevention habits help avoid costly dental problems and help you keep a beautiful and healthy smile.
Dental Exam A comprehensive dental exam will be performed by your dentist at your initial dental visit. At regular check-up exams, your dentist and hygienist will include the following:
- Extensive Medical And Dental History
- Review Of Any Medication
- Blood Pressure:
- Cancer Screen:
- Visual And Digital Examination (Necessary X-rays, Panoramic, 3D, Bite-wings and/or Periapicals)
- Of lymph nodes in front of the ears; behind the ears; jaw area; beneath the chin; and neck area looking for pain, tenderness, and flexibility of the nodes.
- Of the lips (inside and out); inside the mouth including: hard and soft palate, behind the molars, floor of the mouth, lips, borders, frenum, surfaces of the checks, tongue size, color, shape and position.
- Periodontal Exam (Perio Chart)
- Periodontal screening, during this exam the hygienist will measure six sites per tooth to check for pockets and will record this information, he will also check for bone loss, gum inflammation and recession, signs of exudation, bleeding, calculus and teeth mobility. This exam will ensure that any issues are addressed promptly and your gums stay healthy.
- Occlusal Screen
- Bad bites that include teeth that are crooked crowded or spaced too far apart.
- Overbite which is when the upper jaw is too far in the front of the lower jaw or the upper jaw is too far back
- Underbite or bulldog jaw occurs when the lower jaw is too far in front or the upper jaw is too far back.
- Open bite occurs when the back teeth contact and the front or side teeth do not which can lead to excessive wear of the teeth or damage the jaw joints.
- Crossbite occurs when a tooth or a series of teeth are in opposite placement to the normal causing chewing problems.
- Wear of teeth
- Chewing problems
- Pain in joints and jaw areas
- Mouth opening abilities
- Checking for TMJ/TMD
- Complete Cavity Check Tooth By Tooth
- Conditions of the teeth and mouth; existing work done on the teeth; decay; leakage; treatments needing to be done; positions of teeth; impactions.
- Create a Comprehensive Treatment Plan
- Are designed to incorporate the patient’s immediate, intermediate and long-term dental needs.
- Determining the shades of the tooth color
Professional Dental Cleaning Prophylaxis
Professional dental cleanings (dental prophylaxis) are usually performed by Registered Dental Hygienists. Your cleaning appointment will include a dental exam and the following:
REMOVAL OF CALCULUS (TARTAR):Calculus is hardened plaque that has been left on the tooth for some time and is now firmly attached to the tooth surface. Calculus forms above and below the gum line and can only be removed with special dental instruments.
REMOVAL OF PLAQUE:Plaque is a sticky, almost invisible film that forms on the teeth. It is a growing colony of living bacteria, food debris, and saliva. The bacteria produce toxins (poisons) that inflame the gums. This inflammation is the start of periodontal disease! Teeth polishing: Remove stain and plaque that is not otherwise removed during tooth brushing and scaling.
We provide custom mouth guards at Kandor Dental to help protect your teeth from harm and injury. Our dentists can create two types of custom mouth guards depending on your individual circumstance and situation:
ATHLETIC MOUTH GUARDS
Made for those who participate in sports and other physical activities, athletic mouth guards will protect your teeth while you focus on your game.
Many people suffer from a condition call bruxism, more commonly referred to as teeth grinding. Although people consciously grind their teeth during the day, it is a more serious problem at night. Grinding your teeth can damage your tooth’s enamel, cause jaw pain, and even harm the gum tissue surrounding the teeth. A night guard is a great solution for teeth grinders.
HOW DO I KNOW IF I NEED A NIGHT GUARD?There are several signs that indicate you may suffer from bruxism and need a dental night guard to protect your teeth.
Headache:Do you frequently wake up in the morning with a headache? Teeth grinding can place stress on the muscles in your shoulders, jaw and neck. Over time, this muscular fatigue can cause headaches and migraines upon waking up. If this is a case, you should consult with one our dentists to discuss the option of getting a dental night guard.
Jaw Noises:After placing continual pressure on your jaw bone over the course of an entire night you’ll find that it becomes sore and stiff. Long-term bruxism often leads to jaw clicking, and in more sever cases can lead to TMJ disorder.
Teeth Alignment:Continual bite pressure can cause stress on surrounding teeth. This stress can cause teeth to shift or erode. This then compromises the structural integrity of your bite force.
Vulnerability:Constant grinding will eventually weaken your teeth, making them more vulnerable to chipped or cracked teeth.
How do night guards work?Dental night guards are similar to a normal mouth guard in function. It provides a barrier between your top and bottom teeth while you sleep. Your dentist will make an impression of your teeth, and then send the impression off to a lab to have your custom night guard made. Night guards are very durable, often lasting over 10 years. Advantages of night guards Wearing a night guard can help:
- Prevent tooth damage
- Protect Crown & Bridge (Highly Recommended)
- Ease pain in the neck and shoulders
- Improve breathing
- Reduce headaches
- Decrease jaw pain
- Maintain tooth structure reduce susceptibility to chipped or fractured teeth
We invite you to call or visit Kandor Dental today if you have any questions about night guards, athletic mouth guards, or any of our preventive dentistry services. We look forward to answering your questions and helping protect your teeth and smile!
Sealants are used to protect the teeth against decay. In most cases, sealants are placed on the back molars, which are most prone to dental decay. Usually placed in just one quick visit to the office, a sealant can be clear or tooth-colored and will cover the chewing surfaces of the tooth. These chewing surfaces contain many narrow pits and grooves that are hard to keep clean even with consistent brushing and flossing. Our dentists will place a dental sealant to:
- Effectively block out the food and bacteria that cause decay
- Create a smooth surface that is easier to keep clean and healthy
Our dentists recommend having sealants placed on the back teeth as soon as those teeth erupt. This can help keep your child’s smile healthy and beautiful for life. To learn more about sealants or your other preventive dentistry options, please call or visit Kandor Dental soon!
Periodontal disease treatment
Periodontal disease is diagnosed by your dentist or dental hygienist during a periodontal examination. This type of exam should always be part of your regular dental check-up. A periodontal probe (small dental instrument) is gently used to measure the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and the gums. The depth of a healthy sulcus measures three millimeters or less and does not bleed. The periodontal probe helps indicate if pockets are deeper than three millimeters. As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets usually get deeper. Your dentist or hygienist will use pocket depths, amount of bleeding, inflammation, tooth mobility, etc., to make a diagnosis that will fall into a category below:
Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. Plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums, making them tender, inflamed, and likely to bleed.
Plaque hardens into calculus (tartar). As calculus and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede from the teeth. Deeper pockets form between the gums and teeth and become filled with bacteria and pus. The gums become very irritated, inflamed, and bleed easily. Slight to moderate bone loss may be present.
The teeth lose more support as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament continue to be destroyed. Unless treated, the affected teeth will become very loose and may be lost. Generalized moderate to severe bone loss may be present.
Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment. Periodontal disease progresses as the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and gums gets filled with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, causing irritation to the surrounding tissues.
When these irritants remain in the pocket space, they can cause damage to the gums and eventually, the bone that supports the teeth! If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, and no damage has been done, one to two regular cleanings will be recommended. You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits and having regular dental cleanings. If the disease has progressed to more advanced stages, a special periodontal cleaning called scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) will be recommended. It is usually done one quadrant of the mouth at a time while the area is numb. In this procedure, tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line (scaling) and rough spots on root surfaces are made smooth (planing).
This procedure helps gum tissue to heal and pockets to shrink. Medications, special medicated mouth rinses, and an electric tooth brush may be recommended to help control infection and healing. If the pockets do not heal after scaling and root planing, periodontal surgery may be needed to reduce pocket depths, making teeth easier to clean. Your dentist may also recommend that you see a Periodontist (specialist of the gums and supporting bone).